http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com/images/flamingoes-at-dusk-copia.jpg
http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com/images/flamingoes-at-dusk-copia.jpg
Chile

The Basics:


The Republic of Chile is a thin and long country on the western coast of South America with an area of 291,933 square miles. It is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Peru and Bolivia, with a capital of Santiago, and a total population of 17.1 million people and a population density of 59.7 people per square mile. The average per capita income in Chile is $9,710 per year.

There are five languages spoken in Chile, the most common being Spanish, which 89% of the population speaks. The second most common language is Mapudungun, but only 1.2% of the population speaks it. Less than 1% of the population speaks Chilean Quechua, Rapa Nui, or Huilliche.
The ethnic mix in Chile is mostly Mestizo and white (95.4%), and four percent is Mapuche. The last 0.6% are made up of other indigenous people

The most prominent religion in Chile is Christianity, 88% of the population, while ethnic religions, Islam, Judaism, and Baha'i Faith, are practiced by less than one percent of the population in Chile.



external image chile_ak_map.jpg


Government and Economy:


Chile's Economy is one of the most stable and thriving in South America, and is ranked as an upper-middle income. Chile has been the nation with the highest GDP per capita in South America since 2006, although, 5.3 percent of the nation's population lives of less than two US dollars each day.The currency used in Chile is the Chilean peso, and one peso in Chile is equal to twenty-one US cents.
Some of the main exports in Chile are copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, and wine. Industrial production has grown four percent, and it seems that the economy of Chile is back on the rise after the severe earthquake that took place in the country during February of 2010.
Chile Flag
Chile Flag
The current president of Chile is Sebastian Pinera, and he has been in office since March 11th, 2010. In Chile, the president is both head of state and head of government. He is elected by a majority vote, for a term of four years. The term of a senator in Chile is eight years, and Deputies are elected every four years, equal to the term of president. In Chile, immediate re-election is against the law. The current Constitution that secures Chile's government has been in action since 1981, and was approved in 1980. The Government is bicameral, or has two legislative chambers, and Congress meets in a port city about 84 miles west of the capital, Santiago. The Judiciary of Chile is independent, but includes a Supreme Court like our own system. In 2005, Chile reformed their criminal justice system nation-wide, which is now similar to that of the United States.

Notable People:




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A notable celebrity from Chile was Pablo Neruda, who was born in Chile in 1904, and died in 1973, at age 69. He was a communist poet and politician, who wrote in many different variations, such as love poems, historical epics, and frank political manifestos. in 1971 he won the Nobel Peace Prize for Literature. He always wrote in green ink, because green was the color of hope. In his lifetime, he was in many political posts, and even served as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party. When communism in Chile was outlawed, friends hid him for months after the police had warranted his arrest. He escaped into Argentina, and years later returned to Chile after his Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Neruda was later hospitalized with cancer, and three days later, died of heart failure. Neruda's funeral was not a public event, but nevertheless, grieving Chileans flanked the streets, and his death was noted throughout the globe.

Local Cuisine:


A Local Dish from Chile is Candied Orange Peel, or Cascara De Naranja Confitada. It is
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extremely easy, and a fun way to make sure that the Chilean Lifestyle can be felt in your home. Perfect for dessert, or a small snack. All that is needed are:

2 large untreated thick-skinned oranges

3-1/4 cups water

3-1/4 cups water

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1
With a vegetable peeler or a zester, cut strips of zest from the orange rind, leaving the bitter white pith behind. Slice the zest into thin julienne.
2
In a small saucepan, bring 1 cup of the water to a boil. Add the orange zest, and boil about 3 minutes. Drain and repeat the boiling for a total of three times, changing the water each time. Drain.
3
In the same saucepan, dissolve the sugar in the remaining 1/4 cup water. Bring the sugar mixture to a boil, and add the orange zest. Simmer over low heat until all the liquid has evaporated, and the zest is covered with the thick syrup, 8 to 10 minutes. Be careful not to caramelize sugar. Transfer the zest to a rack or a lightly oiled baking sheet. Let cool, and store in an airtight container until ready to use.









Tourism:


There is an extensive amount of government protected land in Chile, with thirty-two national parks, forty-eight natural reserves, and fifteen natural monuments. Hence, the most visited tourist attractions in Chile are some of these areas.
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There are also a wide variety of different landscapes in Chile, from Portillo which boasts of the best ski resort in South America, to the Atacama desert renowned for it's mars-
like beauty, to Puerto Montt, filled with artworkand shopping, to stunning rainforests located in Patagonia, Chile hosts a destination for everyone's enjoyment. The mysterious and wold-famous Easter Island, and Robinson Crusoe Island are also significant tourist attractions available
in Chile.

Below is a video about EcoCamp Patagoina, located in Chile's Torres del Paine, where guests can relax and enjoy the nature of Chile while respecting our planet.


Below is a sample of a one day itinerary of and El Colorado Horseback ride in Chile that a visiting tourist might have:

1) Get picked up from hotel room in Santiagoand drive towards Andes Mountains.

2) Arrive at Colorado River Canyon, where horses are waiting.

3) Begin riding up mountains, experiencing vivid landscapes, towards rock faces at the very top of the mountain.

4) After two hours of riding, arrive at Las Ramadas Plateau.

5) Enjoy a Chilean barbecue, while resting and experiencing the stunning view.

6) Ride down mountain, and drive back to Santiago Hotel.


Chile Activities:

In Chile, locals enjoy many different activities, such as trekking, where there are various trails for skilled trekkers, to beginners. A popular place for trekking is the Lake District, with amazing parks and scenery.
There are also a large amount of water sports in Chile, such as swimming, boating, water- skiing, and white water rafting, which you can do on different rivers in Chile, such as the Bio Bio.
If you want to relax, and take it easy amidst stunning scenery, you can go fishing on any of the number of lakes scattered around Chile. Top fishing destinations are in the Lake District and Patagonia.
Whatever your intention, Chile is an amazing place with just the right vacation for you!




Refrences:
*Flamingos at Dusk: http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com/images/flamingoes-at-dusk-copia.jpg

* http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=chile

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Chile

*http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/south-america/chile/flag.htm (flag picture)

*http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20110303-714038.html

*http://www.akdmc.com/images/chile_ak_map.jpg

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Chile

*http://www.traveldocs.com/cl/govern.htm

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism_in_Chile

*http://www.travour.com/travel-to-chile/tourist-attractions-in-chile.html

*http://www.cascada.travel/places/index.php?gclid=CMKR2c79vacCFR9NgwodZCmU-A

*http://www.cascada.travel/places/programs.php?IDP=22&ID=37&OP=1

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Neruda

*http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/5482576/homepage/name/homepage.jpg?type=sn

*http://www.internationalrecipes.net/recipes/pics/f5207.jpg

*http://www.recipehound.com/Recipes/3962.html

*http://sa.tenfootsquare.com/chile/top-sports-recreational-activities-in-chile