BRAZIL-
A UNIQUE COUNTRY OF WILDLIFE,
SOCCER, JUNGLE AND SPARKLING CITIES.




http://lagodaxnian.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/brazil.jpg
http://lagodaxnian.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/brazil.jpg
.


FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC
OF BRAZIL
Capital: Brasilia
File:Flag of Brazil.svg
File:Flag of Brazil.svg

Currency: Brazilian Real
GDP per capita: $8950 (currency converted)
Location: East South America
bordering countries:
Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana,Guyana,
Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, & Venezuela.





-THE POPULATION:

Brazil has a estimated population of 195 million people, and is South America's largest country. Seventy-four percent of Brazilians are Roman Catholic, and A staggering 9/10ths are Christian. The average Brazilian lives to be almost 73. -And only 11% of the adult population is illiterate (wolframalpha). -Because of white settlers, the primary language is Portuguese. (state.gov) Other languages spoken, including Japanese, make up only one percent. However, eight percent of Brazilians are unemployed. Around 53% of the population is white, and 38.5% is mixed. Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted, or isolated, peoples in the world. Most Brazilians descend from Indigenous people, Portuguese settlers, and black slaves transported from overseas.

Sunset Wallpaper Brazil
Sunset Wallpaper Brazil
travelblog.org


http://www.antiqueprints.com/images/aj/e3973.jpg
http://www.antiqueprints.com/images/aj/e3973.jpg
-GEOGRAPHY & BIODIVERSITY:
Brazil is the largest country in South America, and contains a large portion of the Amazon Rainforest. It is the 5th largest country in the world, after Russia,Canada, China, and the United States. The South Eastern section of Brazil is generally higher and more mountainous, but the northernmost tips of Brazil house the highest point; Pico da Neblina. Brazil is laced with rivers of varying sizes, including the Amazon, the world's largest river in terms of volume. Of
Photo: Profile of a toucan
Photo: Profile of a toucan

course, a large portion of Brazil is taken up by the Amazon.

The variety of wildlife in the Amazon is astonishing. Some of the larger mammals include Pumas, Jaguars, ocelots, sloths and tapirs . One in five of all birds live in the Amazon Rainforest, including Scarlet Macaws and an array of Toucans. Because of the huge array of life, both the beautiful and bizarre can be found beneath the tall canopy of the jungle. The amazon horned toad, for example, is decidedly strange and notable for it's massive mouth and appetite to match.



http://homepage.mac.com/lawrencedavid/cuteanimals/brazilian_tapir.jpg
http://homepage.mac.com/lawrencedavid/cuteanimals/brazilian_tapir.jpg







-INDUSTRY & GOVERNMENT:

Brazil's industry accounts for almost 31% (wiki) of its gross domestic product. Aircraft, automobiles, building materials and chemicals are among the primary sources of industrial wealth (wolframalpha). Brazil has had a very turbulent political past, and it has been very difficult for civilians to overcome the regimes and dictatorships that controlled them. It was only in 1995, with the election of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, that Brazil took a definite turn for the better.
http://www.elpais.com/recorte/20100619elpepiint_1/LCO340/Ies/Dilma_Rousseff.jpg
http://www.elpais.com/recorte/20100619elpepiint_1/LCO340/Ies/Dilma_Rousseff.jpg

After Cardoso's second term, he was succeeded by Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. After him came his former chief of staff, Dilma Rousseff (pictured). She is the current president. Brazil is now a Federal Republic, in which the power rests with the people, who periodically elect a president and representatives. The central government's power is restricted, and individual states within the country retain a certain amount of self-governance. (indexmundi)













Dilma Rousseff






-TOURISM AND CULTURE:

Some of the more popular destinations in Brazil include the Amazon Rainforest, the Northeast coastline, the Pantanal (a vast tropical wetland), beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, and the historical and cultural attractions in Minas Gerais. Of course, 70% of annual tourism goes towards the Brazilian Carnivals. these are annual festivals celebrated 46 days before Easter. In the South eastern cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, huge organized celebrations take place. The dancing is called Samba, a mixed Latin American and African style.
http://www.travelhouseuk.co.uk/travelGallery/var/albums/South-America/Brazil/carnival-salvador.jpg?m=1297678029
http://www.travelhouseuk.co.uk/travelGallery/var/albums/South-America/Brazil/carnival-salvador.jpg?m=1297678029
http://www.lexiophiles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/800px-carnival_in_rio_de_janeiro.jpg
http://www.lexiophiles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/800px-carnival_in_rio_de_janeiro.jpg























The most popular sport in Brazil is football (soccer). The Brazilian National Football team has won the World Cup tournament a record five times. Tennis, team handball, swimming and gymnastics have all received growing support in recent years. In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won Formula One world championship eight times. Brazil will host the first Olympic games to be held in South America in 2016. In Brazil there is perhaps more pressure to be beautiful than in the U.S., with more beauty salons, surgeries, and cosmetic stores than you'd find over here. Brazilian bikinis are also noticeably skimpier! Open markets are also popular in Brazil. TOURIST TIP: prices go down by a lot when the market is coming to an end. Also, many vendors will expect a bargain. In many areas, one should never except the first asking price!


-TO-DO-LIST:

1. Have an early breakfast and drive to Sugarloaf mountain. Enjoy the tour! Tickets at viator.com. DURATION: 4 hours. -Or just see it alone.

2. Tour the shops and have fun at the markets, and/or

3. Visit Christ the Redeemer at the top of Corcovado peak. This 100-foot tall statue was built in 1931.

4. Pick up food from a vendor and relax at one of Rio de Janeiro's beaches.

5. If you're lucky enough to have timed your tickets just right, see the Carnival! The 2011 Rio Carnival begins March 5th and ends march 8th!

FUN FACT:

(not to encourage anything) 80% of beer annually consumed in Brazil is drunk during the Carnival days.


As an alternative to the list presented here, go to the Amazon!





external image Carmen_Miranda_337110002_large.jpg



Carmen Miranda~

Carmen Miranda, one of the most well known singers and dancers, was born in Portugal. However, she emigrated with her father to Brazil when she was just ten months old. She was so popular that she became one of the most celebrated dancers and singers in Brazil by the time she was 21, and went on to become the highest-paid entertainer in the U.S. Her style and talents brought Brazil to the developed world's attention. She also lifted her family out of relative poverty. Perhaps her most well known legacy is the fruit hats she wore on a number of occasions. She brought on a craze for "brazilian" jewelery, and heavily influenced the pop culture of her time. Featured is a clip from a classic Bugs Bunny cartoon that featured both Humphrey Bogart and Carmen Miranda:










On August 4th, 1955, Carmen Miranda suffered a short heart attack during a live day in her Beverley Hills house, August 5th, 1955. She was just 46 years old. Alcohol, smoking and -in her later years- hallucinogenics all undoubtedly contributed to her death. In accordance to her wishes, her body was flown to Brazil and buried in Rio de Janeiro.






-CUISINE:


-PAO DE QUEIJO-
external image pao-de-queijo-1.jpg


One of the most popular food items in Brazil, Pao de Quejio (or, "cheese bread") are small cornflour buns combined with cheese. They are typically around 3 centimeters in diameter, and are preferably served warm. These are commonly eaten at breakfast. The traditional cheese used to flavor the pastry is Minas cheese, which is made from cow's milk and comes in three types; Frescal (fresh), Meia-Cura (slightly matured), and Curado (matured). Curado is used for baking Pao de Queijo. Unusually, Pao de Queijo does not call for any kind of leavening. If left out and not baked immediately or frozen after being prepared, Pao de Queijo can return to an almost liquid state.

Here is a recipe for larger Pao de Quejio, made with more accessible ingredients:

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 cup olive oil or butter
  • 1/3 cup water
  • 1/3 cup milk or soy milk
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 2 cups tapioca flour
  • 2 teaspoons minced garlic
  • 2/3 cup freshly grated Parmesan cheese
  • 2 beaten eggs

Directions:

  1. Preheat oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C).
  2. Pour olive oil, water, milk, and salt into a large saucepan, and place over high heat. When the mixture comes to a boil, remove from heat immediately, and stir in tapioca flour and garlic until smooth. Set aside to rest for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Stir the cheese and egg into the tapioca mixture until well combined, the mixture will be chunky like cottage cheese. Drop rounded, 1/4 cup-sized balls of the mixture onto an ungreased baking sheet.
  4. Bake in preheated oven until the tops are lightly browned, 15 to 20 minutes.

Lots of Mozzarella can be substituted for Parmesan!













REFERENCES:
wikipedia.com
wolframalpha.com
http://www.indexmundi.com/brazil/government_type.html
http://allrecipes.com//Recipe/brazilian-cheese-bread-pao-de-queijo/Detail.aspx
http://pearlinparis-pearl.blogspot.com/2011/02/carmen-miranda-aquarius.html
http://mybrazilianbrasil.wordpress.com/category/lifestyle/
vivatravelguides.com
http://www.rio-carnival.net/rio_carnival/rio_carnival_programs.php#Samba_Parade
http://www.viator.com/Rio-de-Janeiro-attractions/Sugar-Loaf-Mountain-Pao-de-Acucar-tours-tickets/d712-a1332

PICTURES:
sunset: travelblog.org
tapir: http://homepage.mac.com/lawrencedavid/cuteanimals/brazilian_tapir.jpg
Toucan: National Geographic
Dilma Rouseff (current leader of Brazil): http://www.elpais.com/recorte/20100619elpepiint_1/LCO340/Ies/Dilma_Rousseff.jpg
christ: http://lagodaxnian.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/brazil.jpg
brazil map: http://www.antiqueprints.com/images/aj/e3973.jpg
Aztec/Incan/Mayan float: http://www.travelhouseuk.co.uk/travelGallery/index.php/South-America/brazil/carnival-salvador
Carnival float with oxen(?) in front: http://www.travelhouseuk.co.uk/travelGallery/index.php/South-America/brazil/carnival-salvador